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June 30"1864–U.S. President Abraham Lincoln grants Yosemite Valley to California for "public use, resort and recreation"."
6月30日:"1864–リンカーン大統領がカリフォルニアのヨセミテ渓谷を公共利用・リゾート・リクリエーション使用認可。"
Wikipedia June 30:"
1864U.S. President Abraham Lincoln grants Yosemite Valley to California for "public use, resort and recreation"
              "
Today in History-June 30-The Library of Congress"
                    "Yosemite Valley-Wikipedia "  "Yosemite Valley-Images"        
                           "Yosemite State Park-California State Park"
                  (The 45-11-line-photo-attached file/250.04KB/22.7KB/line )
 Best of Yosemite: 3 Day Itinerary + Map • Planning Your Long ...Yosemite National Park | Location, History, Climate, & Facts ...4.0 Rural High AADT - QuickZone Case Studies: The Application of ...
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                              "Yosemite State Park-California State Park"
  President Abraham Lincoln with generalsGalen Clark was appointed the first guardian of the new park so he is considered the first state park ranger.TouristsVernals Falls' laddersThomas Ayres' Yosmite drawing, 1855
  The year 1864 – What's in it for procurement? | Zycus Procurement BlogCalifornia State Parks: A Little Bit of Perspective | Mill Valley ...Vector Clipart - Unreadable. Vector Illustration gg83997011 - GoGraph
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  Image result for wikipediaYosemite Valley from Wawona Tunnel view, vista point..JPGYosemite Valley is located in California
 
     
 
                        "Today in History-June 30-The Library of Congress"
President Abraham Lincoln signed the Yosemite Valley Grant Act, Senate Bill 203, on June 30, 1864. The legislation gave California the Yosemite Valley and the nearby Mariposa Big Tree Grove “upon the express conditions that the premises shall be held for public use, resort, and recreation.”

It is a subject of much regret among the traveling public, that the question of the quality of food served to the unfortunate traveler cannot be made a matter of special legislation. A race of men must deteriorate when fed upon refuse food…I sincerely believe that this…is half the cause of there being so much intemperance in this State.

The newly appointed Yosemite Board of Commissioners confronted the dual task of preserving the magnificent landscape while providing for public recreation. With remarkable foresight, board member and landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted recognized that these goals could conflict. In his 1865 Draft of Preliminary Report upon the Yosemite and Big Tree Grove, Olmsted warns that “the slight harm which the few hundred visitors of this year might do, if no care were taken to prevent it, would not be slight, if it should be repeated by millions.”

His concern about overuse of the park was ignored by the Board of Commissioners, and the Report never reached the state legislature.

As Olmsted predicted, the Yosemite Valley and the Big Tree Grove quickly became a “must see” vacation destination. In the 1870s, California tourist Mary Cone traveled by ferry, railroad, stagecoach, wagon, and horseback to reach the Mariposa Grove of giant sequoias. In Two Years In California, she describes eating her lunch “under the shadow and protection of one of these great kings of the forest.”

At about the same time, travel writer Caroline Churchill estimated that a week-to-ten-day trip to Yosemite cost $150 dollars including transportation. Despite the expense, Churchill notes:
It is a subject of much regret among the traveling public, that the question of the quality of food served to the unfortunate traveler cannot be made a matter of special legislation. A race of men must deteriorate when fed upon refuse food…I sincerely believe that this…is half the cause of there being so much intemperance in this State.

Yet California proved unable to care adequately for these extraordinary lands, and by 1890, public sentiment had begun to demand the return of the park to the federal government. Naturalist John Muir was among Yosemite’s most eloquent and outspoken supporters. His articles and books describing the park’s natural wonders inspired public support for the establishment of Yosemite National Park in 1890 and its expansion through the recession of the California parklands in 1905-6. In the highly popular Our National Parks (1901), Muir devoted six chapters to Yosemite. This passage is typical of his reverence for the park:

Nowhere will you see the majestic operations of nature more clearly revealed beside the frailest, most gentle and peaceful things. Nearly all the park is a profound solitude. Yet it is full of charming company, full of God’s thoughts, a place of peace and safety amid the most exalted grandeur and eager enthusiastic action, a new song, a place of beginnings abounding in first lessons on life, mountain-building, eternal, invincible, unbreakable order; with sermons in stones, storms, trees, flowers, and animals brimful of humanity.

Today, Yosemite National Park encompasses nearly 1,200 square miles of the central Sierra Nevada mountain range. With elevations as high as 13,000 feet above sea level, the park preserves alpine wilderness, groves of Giant Sequoias and the Yosemite Valley’s splendid cliffs, waterfalls, wildflowers, and impressive rock formations.

June 30

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