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                         ヨシダが選んだ「きょうのできごと特集号」
                          (きょうのできごと実績一覧表:Eng&Jpn

                 ウィキペディアからヨシダが選んだ 3月18日のできごと
                           
  Events March  18, Yoshida-selected             
日本語版1314年 - フランス国王フィリップ4世の命で捕えられたテンプル騎士団団長ジャック・ド・モレーが、宗教裁判で異端とされて焚刑に処せられる。」
English Edition:"1314  Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and final Grand Master of the Knights Templar, is burned at the stake."
              "
Jacques de Molay-Wikipedia"  "Jacques de Molay-pictures
          "
Jacques de Molay-GRAND MASTER OF KNIGHTS TEMPLAR-Article"     
               
    (The 50-11-line-photo-attached file/267.65KB) 

  Image result for 1314å¹´ - フランス国王フィリップ4世Image result for King Philip IV the Fair of France and Pope Clement V.Image result for thoughtImage result for Knights Templar,Image result for the 23rd and final Grand Master of the Knights Templar
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      Image result for powerImage result for money wordImage result for too much power and moneyRelated image  
      Image result for Molay appealed for a personal judgment by the pope.Image result for Jacques de MolayImage result for the 23rd and final Grand Master of the Knights Templar
  Image result for the 23rd and final Grand Master of the Knights TemplarImage result for Jacques de MolayRelated imageImage result for Jacques de Molay
  Image result for wikipediaImage result for Jacques de MolayPainting of dozens of men in white robes in a domed chapel. A young man with short black hair and dark blue robe is kneeling on a stool in the center, and pointing at something in a large open book which is being held by one of the white-robed men.Photograph of the little chapel of the Beaune commandery nowadays.
   

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    Image result for wikipediaJacquesdeMolay.jpgPainting of dozens of men in white robes in a domed chapel. A young man with short black hair and dark blue robe is kneeling on a stool in the center, and pointing at something in a large open book which is being held by one of the white-robed men.Photograph of the little chapel of the Beaune commandery nowadays.
    

   "Jacques de Molay-GRAND MASTER OF KNIGHTS TEMPLAR-Encipedia Britanika"
Jacques de Molay, (born 1243, Molay, France—died March 19, 1314, Paris), last grand master of the Knights Templar, an order of knighthood founded during the Crusades that had attained extensive power and wealth. He failed to exercise effective leadership at the time of the suppression of the order by King Philip IV the Fair of France and Pope Clement V.

Molay entered the order in 1265, fought in Syria, and after 1291 was at Cyprus. He was elected grand master of the Templars about 1298. Summoned to France (1306 or 1307) by Pope Clement V to discuss a new Crusade, Molay asked the pope to investigate certain spurious accusations of blasphemy and sodomy that had recently been made against his order. On October 13, 1307, all the Templars in France, including Molay, were arrested and interrogated by command of Philip IV, who was intent on crushing the order and seizing its wealth. On October 24, 1307, Molay, probably under torture, confessed that some of the charges brought against the order were true, but he rejected a charge of sodomy. He wrote to Templars throughout France, enjoining confession, but, when the pope sent his own delegates to conduct the inquiries, Molay and many of his subjects retracted their statements, saying they had been exacted by torture. In November 1309 and in March 1310, Molay appealed for a personal judgment by the pope. Clement decided to suppress the order (March 1312), and on March 18 or 19, 1314, a commission of three cardinals condemned Molay and other dignitaries of the order to perpetual imprisonment. On hearing this sentence, Molay again retracted his confession, and as a final punishment he was burned as a relapsed heretic by Philip IV’s officers the same afternoon.

3月18日
235年 - ローマ皇帝アレクサンデル・セウェルスと母のユリア・マメア英語版マクシミヌス・トラクスにより暗殺される。セウェルス朝が終焉。
March 18
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