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                      ヨシダが選んだ「きょうのできごと特集号」
                            (きょうのできごと実績一覧表:Eng&Jpn
                ウィキペディアからヨシダが選んだ 1月 1日のできごと

                          Events January 1, Yoshida-selected     
1863年 - アメリカ大統領リンカーンが「奴隷解放宣言」を布告。

1863American Civil War: The Emancipation Proclamation takes effect in Confederate territory.
"Emancipation Proclamation-HISTORY"    "1863  The Emancipation Proclamation"
                             (The 38-photo-attached file/190.24KB)  

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                           "Emancipation Proclamation-HISTORY"
When the American Civil War (1861-65) began, President Abraham Lincoln carefully framed the conflict as concerning the preservation of the Union rather than the abolition of slavery. Although he personally found the practice of slavery abhorrent, he knew that neither Northerners nor the residents of the border slave states would support abolition as a war aim. But by mid-1862, as thousands of slaves fled to join the invading Northern armies, Lincoln was convinced that abolition had become a sound military strategy, as well as the morally correct path. On September 22, soon after the Union victory at Antietam, he issued a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, declaring that as of January 1, 1863, all slaves in the rebellious states “shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.” While the Emancipation Proclamation did not free a single slave, it was an important turning point in the war, transforming the fight to preserve the nation into a battle for human freedom.

Lincoln’s Position on Slavery

Slavery was “an unqualified evil to the negro, the white man, and the State,” said Abraham Lincoln in the 1850s. Yet in his first inaugural address, Lincoln declared that he had “no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with slavery in the States where it exists.” He reiterated this pledge in his first message to Congress on July 4, 1861, when the Civil War was three months old.

1月1日

アダム航空574便墜落事故(2007年)。写真は事故を起こした機体の同型機。

January 1


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