(Back to TOP:jpn)        (Back to TOP:eng) 
www.a-bombsurvivor.com/todaystopics/2019.april/9.Battern-day.html
                     Image result for april 2019 calendar Image result for ロイター Image result for writer Image result for wikipediaImage result for writerImage result for writer
                         ヨシダが選んだ「きょうのできごと特集号」
                          (きょうのできごと実績一覧表:Eng&Jpn

                           4月 9日 バターン・デー
                                 Bataan Day, April  9               
日本語版
1942年 - 第二次世界大戦: 日本軍フィリピンバターン半島を占領。(バターン死の行進
English Edition:"1942 – World War II: The Battle of Bataan ends. An Indian Ocean raid by Japan's 1st Air Fleet sinks the British aircraft carrier HMS Hermes and the Australian destroyer HMAS Vampire. "
          "Bataan Death March-History"     "Bataan Death March-Wikipedia" 
                     "Bataan Death March-photos"    "Bataan Day-pictures"
                      (The 40-9-line-photo-attached file/278.11KB) 
      Image result for 1942 number   Image result for approximately 75,000 Filipino and American troops on Bataan were forced to make an arduous 65-mile march to prison camps.MAP      Related imageRelated imageImage result for approximately 75,000 Filipino and American troops on Bataan were forced to make an arduous 65-mile march to prison camps.MAP
        Image result for Luzon (the island on which Manila is located)Image result for Luzon (the island on which Manila is located)Image result for Luzon (the island on which Manila is located)Related imageImage result for approximately 75,000 Filipino and American troops on Bataan were forced to make an arduous 65-mile march to prison camps.MAP
      Image result for approximately 75,000 Filipino and American troops on Bataan were forced to make an arduous 65-mile march to prison camps.MAPImage result for approximately 75,000 Filipino and American troops on Bataan were forced to make an arduous 65-mile march to prison camps.MAPImage result for approximately 75,000 Filipino and American troops on Bataan were forced to make an arduous 65-mile march to prison camps.MAP Related image
    Image result for approximately 75,000 Filipino and American troops on Bataan were forced to make an arduous 65-mile march to prison camps.Image result for approximately 75,000 Filipino and American troops on Bataan were forced to make an arduous 65-mile march to prison camps.      Image result for approximately 75,000 Filipino and American troops on Bataan were forced to make an arduous 65-mile march to prison camps.   Image result for Bataan Death March
 Image result for Bataan Death March    Image result for approximately 75,000 Filipino and American troops on Bataan were forced to make an arduous 65-mile march to prison camps.MAPImage result for Bataan Death March
  Image result for Bataan Death March  Image result for Bataan Death March      Related image Image result for Bataan Death March
    Image result for Bataan Death March  Related imageRelated image  Related imageImage result for Bataan Death March
  Image result for wikipediaWw2 131.jpg
                                        "Bataan Death March-History"
After the April 9, 1942, U.S. surrender of the Bataan Peninsula on the main Philippine island of Luzon to the Japanese during World War II (1939-45), the approximately 75,000 Filipino and American troops on Bataan were forced to make an arduous 65-mile march to prison camps. The marchers made the trek in intense heat and were subjected to harsh treatment by Japanese guards. Thousands perished in what became known as the Bataan Death March.

Bataan Death March: Background

The day after Japan bombed the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, on December 7, 1941, the Japanese invasion of the Philippines began. Within a month, the Japanese had captured Manila, the capital of the Philippines, and the American and Filipino defenders of Luzon (the island on which Manila is located) were forced to retreat to the Bataan Peninsula. For the next three months, the combined U.S.-Filipino army held out despite a lack of naval and air support. Finally, on April 9, with his forces crippled by starvation and disease, U.S. General Edward King Jr. (1884-1958), surrendered his approximately 75,000 troops at Bataan.

Bataan Death March: April 1942

The surrendered Filipinos and Americans soon were rounded up by the Japanese and forced to march some 65 miles from Mariveles, on the southern end of the Bataan Peninsula, to San Fernando. The men were divided into groups of approximately 100, and what became known as the Bataan Death March typically took each group around five days to complete. The exact figures are unknown, but it is believed that thousands of troops died because of the brutality of their captors, who starved and beat the marchers, and bayoneted those too weak to walk. Survivors were taken by rail from San Fernando to prisoner-of-war camps, where thousands more died from disease, mistreatment and starvation.

Bataan Death March: Aftermath

America avenged its defeat in the Philippines with the invasion of the island of Leyte in October 1944. General Douglas MacArthur (1880-1964), who in 1942 had famously promised to return to the Philippines, made good on his word. In February 1945, U.S.-Filipino forces recaptured the Bataan Peninsula, and Manila was liberated in early March.

After the war, an American military tribunal tried Lieutenant General Homma Masaharu, commander of the Japanese invasion forces in the Philippines. He was held responsible for the death march, a war crime, and was executed by firing squad on April 3, 1946.

4月 9日

April 9

                             (Back to TOP:jpn)        (Back to TOP:eng)