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BOACFlight 712事故時のスチュワデスの活躍(4月8日のできごと)
BOAC accident showed incredible story of Barbara Jane Harison(April 8 Event)             
日本語版
「なし」

English Edition:"1968 – BOAC Flight 712 catches fire shortly after take off. As a result of her actions in the accident, Barbara Jane Harrison is awarded a
posthumous George Cross, the only GC awarded to a woman in peacetime."
  "Whiskey Echo goes down: The incredible story of BOAC Flight 712-History
        "Barbara Jane Harrison-Wikipedia"       "BOAC Flight 712-Wikipedia
                      (The  35-9-line-photo-attached file/308.66KB) 
   Image result for barbara jane harrisonImage result for barbara jane harrisonRelated image
  Image result for barbara jane harrisonImage result for This rare, dramatic shot captures BOAC Flight 712 during its brief flight, and shows the engine falling away from the aircraft.Image result for barbara jane harrisonImage result for barbara jane harrison
  Image result for BOAC Flight 712 during its brief flight, and shows the engine falling away from the aircraft.Image result for barbara jane harrisonImage result for BOAC Flight 712 during its brief flight, and shows the engine falling away from the aircraft.
    Image result for BOAC Flight 712      Related image    Related image
    Related image    Related image    Related image
Image result for BOAC Flight 712Related image
Image result for fourImage result for adultsImage result for oneImage result for a child wordImage result for including wordImage result for oneImage result for stewardess word Image result for died word
               Image result for among wordImage result for saved wordImage result for Mark WynterImage result for Katriel Katz
  Image result for BOAC Flight 712Image result for the second-highest award in the British Empire Image result for the second-highest award in the British Empire Image result for Barbara Jane Harrison grave
   "Whiskey Echo goes down: The incredible story of BOAC Flight 712-History"
I’ve profiled airline disasters on this blog before. All are tragic–some more tragic than others–and some, while still heartbreaking, manage to bring out the best in people. Here is a story in that latter category. Forty-seven years ago today, on April 8, 1968, BOAC (British Overseas Airways Corporation) Flight 712, known alternately as Speedbird 712 or “Whiskey Echo,” went down in a fireball on a runway at London’s Heathrow Airport shortly after takeoff. Five people died and 38 were injured. While the crash of Flight 712 was nowhere near as catastrophic as various other air disasters in terms of death toll, the story of this disaster is interesting and unusual for a number of reasons.

Whiskey Echo was a Boeing 707, one of the fleet of new world-spanning jets introduced in the 1950s that truly brought air travel to the masses. The aircraft was built in 1962 and began flying for BOAC that year. Flight 712 was scheduled to be a long haul. Scheduled to leave shortly after 3:30 that Monday afternoon, the flight was headed from Heathrow to Zürich, Switzerland, then on a hop from there to Singapore, and finally to Sydney, Australia. Most of the passengers were going all the way through to Sydney. Among the passengers was pop singer and actor Mark Wynter, and Katriel Katz, Israel’s former ambassador to the Soviet Union. The crew included a 22-year-old stewardess, Barbara Jane Harrison–known simply as Jane to her friends–from Bradford, England. Jane was a pleasant young working-class woman. Previous to working for BOAC, she did various odd jobs including babysitting, and once babysat Jason Connery, son of James Bond actor Sean Connery.

This rare, dramatic shot captures BOAC Flight 712 during its brief flight, and shows the engine falling away from the aircraft.

Flight 712 left the Heathrow gate a few minutes late and took off at 3:27 PM. Seconds after the plane lifted into the air there was a loud explosion. It turned out that metal fatigue in one of the engines, built by Rolls-Royce, caused a part to break out of its casing. Sparks ignited fuel flowing through the engine which began a sudden fast-moving fire. The pilots instantly knew there was a problem, but one of them hit the wrong emergency switch. The correct one would have cut fuel to the burning engine, but his failure to do that made the fire worse. Essentially, Whiskey Echo’s wing exploded and the dying engine literally fell out of the plane. At 3,000 feet in altitude, with a wing on fire and the plane coming apart the pilots circled around to make an emergency landing on another runway. This was extremely risky, as the runway wasn’t long enough to handle the Boeing 707.

Almost miraculously the pilots managed to land the burning plane. The last flight had lasted barely more than three minutes. But as the plane slammed to a halt and the flight crew began evacuating the passengers, the fire, which had spread to the oxygen tanks, quickly grew worse. Most of the passengers managed to escape through a mid-fuselage door, but as the fire grew more intense, escape routes were cut off. Jane Harrison was stationed near the rear door. The escape slide had inflated, but it was twisted around. Nevertheless she helped passengers jump down the twisted slide, and in fact pushed some who were too terrified to make the leap. All of them survived.

Nearly everyone got off the plane, but as the rear slide was punctured and deflated–making the escape route a raw unbroken drop to the tarmac below–there  were still four passengers trapped inside. One of them was a severely disabled woman, another an eight-year-old girl. Jane paused at the rear door and to observers it looked like she was about to jump off herself, but then she turned back inside the burning fuselage to try to save the four remaining passengers. She didn’t make it, and neither did they. After the fire investigators found their charred bodies bunched up near the rear door. They had died of asphyxiation.
Barbara Jane Harrison, age 22, received the second-highest award in the British Empire posthumously for her heroism during the crash. People still put flowers on her grave.

The picture at the top of this article shows the fiery wreckage of Flight 712, and looking at it, it’s amazing that anyone survived at all. The five deaths in the disaster were tragic, but the actions of Barbara Jane Harrison were universally hailed as heroic. She could have jumped to safety but instead turned back into the burning plane to try to save the remaining passengers–and died in the process. Anthony Crosland, a high-ranking British politician responsible for transportation matters, was so impressed by Jane’s sacrifice that he wrote a letter to the private secretary of Harold Wilson, Prime Minister, recommending she receive the George Cross–the second highest decoration in Britain, second only to the Victoria Cross which is awarded for military valor. On August 7, 1969, Queen Elizabeth II awarded the George Cross posthumously to Jane Harrison, who was only 22 when she died. She is the only woman to have received the award in peacetime.

Air disasters are horrific events, and when they happen there’s more than enough tragedy to go around. But sometimes heroism comes to the fore in such times, and in otherwise ordinary people. As long as we honor courage and selflessness, we should be honoring people like Barbara Jane Harrison.

4月8日
217年 - ローマ皇帝カラカラが近衛隊長マクリヌスにより暗殺される。
1587年天正15年3月1日) - 九州征伐: 豊臣秀吉が九州の島津氏討伐のため、自ら2万5千の大軍を率いて大坂城を出発。
1767年 - アユタヤ王朝ビルマの侵攻により滅亡。
1820年 - エーゲ海のメロス島の農夫が「ミロのヴィーナス」を発見。
1837年天保8年3月4日) - 前年からの天保の大飢饉のため、江戸幕府が江戸の各地に救米小屋を設置。
1855年安政2年2月22日) - 江戸幕府が、松前藩居城周辺を除く全蝦夷地を幕府直轄領とする。
1864年 - 南北戦争: マンスフィールドの戦い
1881年 - 亀井忠一三省堂書店を創業。
1900年 - 山陽鉄道(現在の山陽本線)が急行に日本初の寝台車を連結。
1904年 - 英仏協商が成立。イギリスエジプト占領、モロッコでのフランスの権益を相互に承認。
1913年 - アメリカ合衆国憲法修正第17条の批准が成立。
1921年 - 国有財産法借地法・借家法公布。
1929年 - 小原國芳玉川学園を創設。
1946年 - 国際連盟が第21回総会を開催し、国際連盟の解散と資産等の国際連合への移行を決議。
1948年 - 東宝が270人の解雇を通告し撮影所をロックアウト、労組側は会社の解雇案を拒否し東宝争議が勃発。
1949年 - 日本民俗学会設立。
1954年 - コメット連続墜落事故: 南アフリカ航空201便墜落事故起こる。
1959年 - 『週刊文春』が創刊。
1961年 - NHKテレビでバラエティ番組夢であいましょう』放送開始。
1970年 - 大阪市大淀区(現・北区天六交叉点での大阪市営地下鉄谷町線工事現場でガス爆発事故(天六ガス爆発事故)。死者79人・重軽傷420人。
1975年 - アメリカでボエジャーズ国立公園設置。
1978年 - 宇宙開発事業団が実験用放送衛星「ゆり」を打上げ。
1981年 - テレビアニメ「Dr.スランプ アラレちゃん」放送開始。
1986年 - アイドル歌手の岡田有希子が、所属事務所が入居する東京都新宿区のビル屋上から飛び降り自殺
1988年 - 楊尚昆中華人民共和国主席に就任。
1988年 - 南岸低気圧の影響で、東日本でこの時期としては季節外れの大雪。東京で9cmの積雪を観測し、4月としては異常気象となる。
1993年 - マケドニア共和国が国連に加盟。
1993年 - カンボジアで、国際連合ボランティアの選挙監視団員・中田厚仁が銃撃され死亡。
1994年 - 佐川事件、NTT株疑惑などにより細川護熙首相が退陣を表明。
2014年 - Microsoft Windows XPのサポートが終了[1]

April 8
217  Roman Emperor Caracalla is assassinated. He is succeeded by his Praetorian Guard prefect, Marcus Opellius Macrinus.
632 – King Charibert II is assassinated at Blaye (Gironde), along with his infant son Chilperic.
876 – The Battle of Dayr al-'Aqul saves Baghdad from the Saffarids.
1093 – The new Winchester Cathedral is dedicated by Walkelin.
1139  Roger II of Sicily is excommunicated.
1149  Pope Eugene III takes refuge in the castle of Ptolemy II of Tusculum.
1232  Mongol–Jin War: The Mongols begin their siege on Kaifeng, the capital of the Jin dynasty.
1271 – In Syria, sultan Baibars conquers the Krak des Chevaliers.
1277 – Fall of Welsh Dolforwyn Castle to the English led by Henry de Lacy, 3rd Earl of Lincoln and Otto de Grandson.
1665 – English colonial patents are granted for the establishment of the Monmouth Tract, for what would eventually become Monmouth County in northeastern New Jersey.
1730  Shearith Israel, the first synagogue in New York City, is dedicated.
1740  War of Jenkins' Ear: Three British ships capture the Spanish third-rate Princesa, taken into service as HMS Princess.
1808 – The Roman Catholic Diocese of Baltimore is promoted to an archdiocese, with the founding of the dioceses of New York, Philadelphia, Boston, and Bardstown (now Louisville) by Pope Pius VII.
1820 – The Venus de Milo is discovered on the Aegean island of Milos.
1832  Black Hawk War: Around three-hundred United States 6th Infantry troops leave St. Louis, Missouri to fight the Sauk Native Americans.
1864  American Civil War: Battle of Mansfield: Union forces are thwarted by the Confederate army at Mansfield, Louisiana.
1866 – Italy and Prussia ally against the Austrian Empire.
1886  William Ewart Gladstone introduces the first Irish Home Rule Bill into the British House of Commons.
1895 – In Pollock v. Farmers' Loan & Trust Co. the Supreme Court of the United States declares unapportioned income tax to be unconstitutional.
1904 – The French Third Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland sign the Entente cordiale.
1904 – Longacre Square in Midtown Manhattan is renamed Times Square after The New York Times.
1906  Auguste Deter, the first person to be diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease, dies.
1908  Harvard University votes to establish the Harvard Business School.
1911  Dutch physicist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes discovers superconductivity.
1913 – The 17th Amendment to the United States Constitution, requiring direct election of Senators, becomes law.
1916 – In Corona, California, race car driver Bob Burman crashes, killing three (including himself), and badly injuring five spectators.
1918  World War I: Actors Douglas Fairbanks and Charlie Chaplin sell war bonds on the streets of New York City's financial district.
1924  Sharia courts are abolished in Turkey, as part of Atatürk's Reforms.
1929  Indian independence movement: At the Delhi Central Assembly, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt throw handouts and bombs to court arrest.
1935 – The Works Progress Administration is formed when the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act of 1935 becomes law.
1942  World War II: Siege of Leningrad: Soviet forces open a much-needed railway link to Leningrad.
1942 – World War II: The Japanese take Bataan in the Philippines.
1943 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in an attempt to check inflation, freezes wages and prices, prohibits workers from changing jobs unless the war effort would be aided thereby, and bars rate increases by common carriers and public utilities.
1943 Otto and Elise Hampel are executed in Berlin for their anti-Nazi activities.
1945 – World War II: After an air raid accidentally destroys a train carrying about 4,000 Nazi concentration camp internees in Prussian Hanover, the survivors are massacred by Nazis.
1946  Électricité de France, the world's largest utility company, is formed as a result of the nationalisation of a number of electricity producers, transporters and distributors.
1950  India and Pakistan sign the Liaquat–Nehru Pact.
1952 – U.S. President Harry Truman calls for the seizure of all domestic steel mills in an attempt to prevent the 1952 steel strike.
1953  Mau Mau leader Jomo Kenyatta is convicted by British Kenya's rulers.
1954 – A Royal Canadian Air Force Canadair Harvard collides with a Trans-Canada Airlines Canadair North Star over Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, killing 37 people.
1954 – South African Airways Flight 201 A de Havilland DH.106 Comet 1 crashes into the sea during night killing 21 people.
1959 – A team of computer manufacturers, users, and university people led by Grace Hopper meets to discuss the creation of a new programming language that would be called COBOL.
1959 – The Organization of American States drafts an agreement to create the Inter-American Development Bank.
1960 – The Netherlands and West Germany sign an agreement to negotiate the return of German land annexed by the Dutch in return for 280 million German marks as Wiedergutmachung.
1961 – A large explosion on board the MV Dara in the Persian Gulf kills 238.
1964 – The Gemini 1 test flight is conducted.
1968 – BOAC Flight 712 catches fire shortly after take off. As a result of her actions in the accident, Barbara Jane Harrison is awarded a posthumous George Cross, the only GC awarded to a woman in peacetime.
1970  Bahr El-Baqar primary school bombing: Israeli bombers strike an Egyptian school. Forty-six children are killed.
1974 – At Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium, Hank Aaron hits his 715th career home run to surpass Babe Ruth's 39-year-old record.
1975  Frank Robinson manages the Cleveland Indians in his first game as major league baseball's first African American manager.
1987  Los Angeles Dodgers executive Al Campanis resigns amid controversy over racially charged remarks he had made while on Nightline.
1992 – Retired tennis great Arthur Ashe announces that he has AIDS, acquired from blood transfusions during one of his two heart surgeries.
1993 – The Republic of Macedonia joins the United Nations.
1999  Haryana Gana Parishad, a political party in the Indian state of Haryana, merges with the Indian National Congress.
2004  War in Darfur: The Humanitarian Ceasefire Agreement is signed by the Sudanese government and two rebel groups.
2006  Shedden massacre: The bodies of eight men, all shot to death, are found in a field in Shedden, Elgin County, Ontario. The murders are soon linked to the Bandidos Motorcycle Club.2008 – The construction of the world's first skyscraper to integrate wind turbines is completed in Bahrain.
2013 – The Islamic State of Iraq enters the Syrian Civil War and begins by declaring a merger with the Al-Nusra Front under the name Islamic State of Iraq and ash-Sham.

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