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19th,Friday:Good Friday 22end, Monday:Easter Monday
1906 Mount Vesuvius Erupts, April 7 Event
日本語版：「1906年 - ヴェスヴィオ火山が噴火し、ナポリに大損害を与える。」English Edition:"1906 – Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates Naples."
"Mount Vesuvius-Wikipedia" "1906–Mount Vesuvius erupts-photos"
"Vesuvius-1906 Eruption-Article-AWESOME stories"
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"Vesuvius-1906 Eruption-Article-AWESOME stories"
In May, 1905, a new eruption began, firstly with slow lava effusions and, since January, 1906, with intermittent explosive activity (strombolian activity).
On the 7th of April, 1906 the eruption reached the climax with lava fountains and earthquakes. The eruptive column of ash and gas reached the height of 13000 m. The eruption ends in the last days of April.
During the eruption of 1906 the top of Vesuvius was truncated and formed a vast crater with a diameter of approximately 500 m and a depth of 250 m. The crater rim was lowered to 1145 m asl at its minimum height.
We can assess the type of panic this massive eruption caused, in 1906, by reviewing one of the news articles reporting it. On April 7, 1906, the story ran in the San Francisco Call.
The inhabitants of the villages in the vicinity of Mount Vesuvius are in a condition bordering on panic.
Many homes have been abandoned for the open air, although there has been a thick fog all day and the atmosphere has been dense with volcanic ashes and the fumes of subterranean fires.
The churches are crowded day and night with people praying for deliverance from an impending peril, manifestations of which are felt in explosions, which resemble a heavy cannonading, and the tremblings of the earth, which are constantly recurring.
The main stream of lava proceeding from Vesuvius is 200 feet wide and it flows at times at the rate of twenty-one feet a minute, the fumes destroying vegetation before the stream reaches it.
The women in the village east of the mountain, weeping with fright, carried a statue of Saint Anne as near as they could to the flowing lava, imploring a miracle to stay the advance of the consuming stream.
The cemetery at Boscoreale has been invaded by lava.The scene at night is one of mingled grandeur and horror, as from the summit of Vesuvius there leaps a column of fire fully 1000 feet in height, the glare lighting the sky and sea for many miles. Occasionally great masses of molten stone, some weighing as much as a ton, are ejected from the crater.
The village of Torre del Greco, which has been eight times destroyed and as often rebuilt, is again threatened.
Signor Matteucci, director of the observatory, is working indefatigably and said to the press this evening that, although the eruption presented a grave menace, he did not believe it would reach the villages. [He would be wrong…]
Scientists have referred to Vesuvius as a "ticking time bomb." Why do you suppose that is?
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