(Back to TOP:jpn)        (Back to TOP:eng) 
www.a-bombsurvivor.com/todaystopics/2019.april/22.Land Rush of 1889.html   
                   Image result for ロイター Image result for writer Image result for wikipediaImage result for writerImage result for writer
                         ヨシダが選んだ「きょうのできごと特集号」
                        (きょうのできごと実績一覧表:Eng&Jpn

                
1889年の土地入植解禁:4月22日のできごと       
                           
Land Rush of 1889:April  22  Event    
日本語版:(当該記事なし)「オクラホマ土地入植解禁」
English Edition:"1889 – At noon, thousands rush to claim land in the Land Rush of 1889. Within hours the cities of Oklahoma City and Guthrie are formed with populations of at least 10,000."
             "
1889 The Oklahoma land rush begins-HISTORY"

         "Land Rush of 1889-Wikipedia"       "Land Rush of 1889-Pictures"
                    (The 18-7-line-photo-attached file/174.59KB)  
  Image result for 1889 numberImage result for high noonImage result for At precisely high noon, thousands of would-be settlers make a mad dash into the newly opened Oklahoma Territory to claim cheap land.Image result for At precisely high noon, thousands of would-be settlers make a mad dash into the newly opened Oklahoma Territory to claim cheap land.  Image result for Land Rush 1889Image result for Land Rush 1889
     Related imageRelated image
   Related image Image result for sooners oklahoma land rush Image result for sooners oklahoma land rush
   Image result for Land Rush of 1889   Image result for 1889 At 11:50 a.m., soldiers called for everyone to form a line Image result for Land Rush of 1889Image result for Land Rush of 1889Image result for two million acres of land opened up to white settlement
Image result for the area once known as Indian Territory entered the Union as a part of the new state of Oklahoma.Image result for the area once known as Indian Territory entered the Union as a part of the new state of Oklahoma.

                 "1889 The Oklahoma land rush begins-HISTORY"
At precisely high noon, thousands of would-be settlers make a mad dash into the newly opened Oklahoma Territory to claim cheap land.

The nearly two million acres of land opened up to white settlement was located in Indian Territory, a large area that once encompassed much of modern-day Oklahoma. Initially considered unsuitable for white colonization, Indian Territory was thought to be an ideal place to relocate Native Americans who were removed from their traditional lands to make way for white settlement. The relocations began in 1817, and by the 1880s, Indian Territory was a new home to a variety of tribes, including the Chickasaw, Choctaw, Cherokee, Creek, Cheyenne, Commanche, and Apache.

By the 1890s, improved agricultural and ranching techniques led some white Americans to realize that the Indian Territory land could be valuable, and they pressured the U.S. government to allow white settlement in the region. In 1889, President Benjamin Harrison agreed, making the first of a long series of authorizations that eventually removed most of Indian Territory from Indian control.

To begin the process of white settlement, Harrison chose to open a 1.9 million-acre section of Indian Territory that the government had never assigned to any specific tribe. However, subsequent openings of sections that were designated to specific tribes were achieved primarily through the Dawes Severalty Act (1887), which allowed whites to settle large swaths of land that had previously been designated to specific Indian tribes.

On March 3, 1889, Harrison announced the government would open the 1.9 million-acre tract of Indian Territory for settlement precisely at noon on April 22. Anyone could join the race for the land, but no one was supposed to jump the gun. With only seven weeks to prepare, land-hungry Americans quickly began to gather around the borders of the irregular rectangle of territory. Referred to as “Boomers,” by the appointed day more than 50,000 hopefuls were living in tent cities on all four sides of the territory.

The events that day at Fort Reno on the western border were typical. At 11:50 a.m., soldiers called for everyone to form a line. When the hands of the clock reached noon, the cannon of the fort boomed, and the soldiers signaled the settlers to start. With the crack of hundreds of whips, thousands of Boomers streamed into the territory in wagons, on horseback, and on foot. All told, from 50,000 to 60,000 settlers entered the territory that day. By nightfall, they had staked thousands of claims either on town lots or quarter section farm plots. Towns like Norman, Oklahoma City, Kingfisher, and Guthrie sprang into being almost overnight.

An extraordinary display of both the pioneer spirit and the American lust for land, the first Oklahoma land rush was also plagued by greed and fraud. Cases involving “Sooners”–people who had entered the territory before the legal date and time–overloaded courts for years to come. The government attempted to operate subsequent runs with more controls, eventually adopting a lottery system to designate claims. By 1905, white Americans owned most of the land in Indian Territory. Two years later, the area once known as Indian Territory entered the Union as a part of the new state of Oklahoma.

April 22 4月22日

                             (Back to TOP:jpn)        (Back to TOP:eng)