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                ウィキペディアからヨシダが選んだ 10月14日のできごと
ウィキペディア(日本語版)(10月14日:当該記事なし(No event article)
クロード・グラハム=ホワイト - Wikipedia
Wikipedia(English edition)(Oct. 14:"1910–English aviator Claude Grahame-White lands his Farman Aircraft biplane on Executive Avenue near the White House in Washington, D.C."
The article concerned:"File:Claude Grahame-White landing his biplane on West Executive Avenue October 14th, 1910 (wide crop).jpg"
"Claude 'Claudie' Grahame-White (1879 - 1959)"     "Claude Grahame-White"
The photos concerned:"Claude Grahame-White landing on West Executive Avenue in October 1910"
                           (The 27-photo-attached file/144.21KB)

  File:Claude Grahame-White landing his biplane on West Executive Avenue October 14th, 1910 (wide crop).jpg
  「Claude Grahame-White」の画像検索結果「Claude Grahame-White」の画像検索結果 「Claude Grahame-White」の画像検索結果「Claude Grahame-White」の画像検索結果「Claude Grahame-White」の画像検索結果「Claude Grahame-White」の画像検索結果
   「Claude Grahame-White」の画像検索結果「Claude Grahame-White」の画像検索結果「Claude Grahame-White」の画像検索結果「Claude Grahame-White」の画像検索結果 「Claude Grahame-White」の画像検索結果
   「Claude Grahame-White」の画像検索結果Image result for Claude Grahame-White landing on West Executive Avenue in October 1910
  「West Executive Avenue」の画像検索結果      「West Executive Avenue」の画像検索結果 関連画像
     「West Executive Avenue map」の画像検索結果 「West Executive Avenue street map」の画像検索結果
  cgw_250.jpgclaudegrahamwhite_1_350.jpg cgw_dd_1911_350.jpg
     cgw_xv_mk2_350.jpgcgw_35hp_1913_350.jpg
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   farman_hf22_1_350.jpgfarman_jero_hf16_350.jpg

                  "Claude 'Claudie' Grahame-White (1879 - 1959)"

Claude Grahame-White
Excerpts from Blue Ribbon of the Air by Henry Serrano Villard, 1987

Claude Grahame-White, born at Southhampton on 31 August 1879 and educated at Bedford Grammar School had been a yachtsman, a motoring enthusiast, and a dealer in automobiles before he was converted to aviation at the Rheims meeting in 1909.

Forthwith, he had ordered a duplicate of Blériot's ill-fated Model XII; and to become acquainted with its construction he enrolled as a worker in the Blériot establishment at Neuilly-sur-Seine.

He could hardly restrain his impatience. On the morning he was to take delivery at Issy-les-Moulineaux, instructions had not yet arrived. Impulsively he got into the machine and began practicing short hops. He then shipped the plane to Pau, where Leblanc was his instructor; and on 4 January 1910 he received the first French license --- No. 30 --- to be awarded to a Briton. (Under date of 26 April he would be granted British license No. 6 for having qualified as a pilot a Pau.)

The Model XII, however, had only a brief career. A miscalculation on landing one day, with Blériot himself at the controls, resulted in the two-seated monoplane being wrecked; it was the last of its kind. Grahame-White returned to London and began the development of a great flying center at Hendon, on what was then a vacant, weed-covered lot.

At the same time he entered the Henry Farman school at Chalons, learning to fly the biplane with which he would become famous for a dramatic dash in the dark of the night, racing Louis Paulhan for a 10,000 pound prize offered by the Daily Mail. The course from London to Manchester --- a distance of 183 miles --- had to be covered within 24 hours.

Excerpt from From Blue Ribbon of the Air
by Henry Serrano Villard, 1987


Grahame White
http://www.raf-waddington.com/

Grahame White was one of the first Britons to exploit aviation commercially after achieving heroic status for narrowly losing the £10,000 prize the Daily Mail offered for the first London to Manchester flight to a Frenchman! He went on to scoop almost all the prizes on a tour of America which included a flight into the White House grounds where he invited President Taft up for a flight. As Taft weighed 21 stone it is probably as well that he declined !

cgw_250.jpg

Claude Grahame-White, c.1912

By now White had made a fortune and he invested it wisely in 220 acres of pasture at Hendon, turning it into London's first aerodrome. For 3 years up to the outbreak of WW1 the weekend flying displays there were the greatest attraction in London and the aircraft he designed, which were boxkite affairs not unlike Farmans and Bristol Boxkites, formed the backbone of his Flying School.
claudegrahamwhite_1_350.jpg

CW 'Boxkite' Variant, c.1911

cgw_dd_1911_350.jpg
 
cgw_xv_mk2_350.jpg

CW 'Boxkite' Variant, c.1912

cgw_35hp_1913_350.jpg

GW XV development, 1913

http://members.rogers.com/nieuport

They were also used for the first demonstration of aerial bombing, straffing and pioneering night flying. On the outbreak of WWI he joined the Royal Naval Air Service and took part in attacks on German held ports before resigning to manage his business, whose staff had increased from 20 to 1000 due to war contracts.

The company built a number of aircraft under licence (Air-Co DH 6, Morane Saulnier G/H) plus a number of aircraft of their own design, including the Type XV pilot trainers, as the boxkites were now designated, despite being very different to the original machines of 1912.

The XV trainers were the type used by 48 Reserve Sqn at Waddington from November 1916 to June 1917, as they were established for 18 machines, and A1700 was definitely on their charge. Along with Farman Shorthorns they were the first aircraft based here.

cgw_42162_afc_19AA_350.jpg

GW XV, c.1916

Australian War Memorial. File # 42162

Judging by the lack of information they were not particularly charismatic aircraft but they were made in a variety of forms from 1912 - 17, undergoing a gradual evolution, losing the front elevator and having a cockpit nacelle, aileron balance cables, top wing extensions and dual controls fitted.
cgw_rfc_xv_350.jpg

GW XV, c.1916

60hp Le Rhone, 70 & 80hp Gnome and 60hp Green engines were among those used to power this machine so there appears to have been a huge variation of types built under the general umbrella name of GW XV! At present we do not know the exact type used at Waddington. It is possible, but unlikely that other GW types were also used here.

We do know that White was out of favour by the end of the war and was forced to go to France looking for contracts. Eventually he became so disillusioned by Britain that he sold Hendon to the Air Ministry and emigrated to California where he was a realtor. In 1959 he died in Nice on his 80th birthday. Hendon is now the main site of the RAF Museum so perhaps it is not surprising that they were the only people able to provide us with some information on his aircraft.

The original site : http://www.raf-waddington.com/ notes that their page is intended to provide a source of Grahame White imagery for general release. Anyone can send us an image or information to be placed on this page. We would be most grateful as we cannot very much at all!

Volume 1 of the station archive is currently missing - if you know where it is please contact the CRO. Photographers will be acknowledged, but publication on this page marks the image as royalty free and available for download. Thanks are due to Gordon Leith of the RAF Museum Hendon for his help with this page.

During July/August 1912. J.L. Travers and Claude Graeme-White on their 'Wake Up England' campaign, flew a Henri Farman HF.22 covered in bright blue fabric and had the 'Wake Up England' slogan across the wings in bright yellow

A 2view colour image of this craft appears in Munson, K., Pioneer Aircraft 1903-14, Blandford, 1969

farman_hf22_1_350.jpg

Henri Farman HF.22

http://membres.lycos.fr

farman_jero_hf16_350.jpg

Henri Farman HF.22 Hydro

http://members.shaw.ca/flyingaces/archive1.htm

October 14

10月14日

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