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Events November 22, Yoshida-selected
Wikipedia（English edition）(Nov. 22）："1963 – U.S. President John F. Kennedy is assassinated and Texas Governor John Connally is seriously wounded by Lee Harvey Oswald, who also killed Dallas Police officer J. D. Tippit after fleeing the scene. U.S Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn in as the 36th President of the United States afterwards.
The photos concerned:""
The article concerned：""
"John F. Kennedy assassination(Wikipedia)"
"John F. Kennedy(Wikipedia)"
"On November 22, 1963, John F. Kennedy, the 35th president of the United States, is assassinated"
I, Yuuki Yoshida, the editor of this column, have a real and dramatic experiences of being faced or touched to that very moment of JFK being assassinated over the radio in the car while driving. Let me blog over here after I have finished editing "The illustrated story" of the tragedy with some 136 photos.
I was then 32-year old, a few years after I shifted my first 14-year-longed first stage of my life as an independent technician to what I called "the second stage of my life" as a trucking industry business person. I was in a sort of guts with a brand new beautiful car, Mitsubishi Debonair, after with Toyopet Crown and Nissan Sedric, either used ones.
In those days, when I was driving, I was used to put on the radio "AFRS(Armed Forces Radio Services) at all times for my English listening practices. I remember the program was something with music and light talks of the announcer. It happened! The program was stopped abruptly and a music with some sort of sad mood began, making me feel ???
In a low and sad tone of the announcer's voice followed first with the term of "Our President Kennedy has been assassinated...". "Assassinated" was the word I was then not familiar with, but a moment later he used the term "killed". I was shocked so much that I pooled over the road side and concentrated listening.
In 1993, at the time I entered what I call "The third stage of my life" as a business consultant, mainly dealing with the trucking industry deregulation proposals speech and writings, I made "One-month-investigation-trip in US trucking industry", I happened to meet and talk with an American trucking company owner father-and-son from Texas, whom I met in the annual convention of the American Trucking Association in Jacksonville.
I was fortunate that that opportunity gave me a chance to visit the JFK assassination site. The moment I entered in the memorial hall, which is now named "SIX FLOOR MUSEUM", that unforgettable tone of announcer's voice came into my ears, exactly the same I could never forget! I stayed for quite a long time....Well, it seems this blogging seems to endless, so that I put a period now.
"1963 John F. Kennedy assassinated(HHISTORY)"
John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th president of the United States, is assassinated while traveling through Dallas, Texas, in an open-top convertible.
First lady Jacqueline Kennedy rarely accompanied her husband on political outings, but she was beside him, along with Texas Governor John Connally and his wife, for a 10-mile motorcade through the streets of downtown Dallas on November 22. Sitting in a Lincoln convertible, the Kennedys and Connallys waved at the large and enthusiastic crowds gathered along the parade route. As their vehicle passed the Texas School Book Depository Building at 12:30 p.m., Lee Harvey Oswald allegedly fired three shots from the sixth floor, fatally wounding President Kennedy and seriously injuring Governor Connally. Kennedy was pronounced dead 30 minutes later at Dallas’ Parkland Hospital. He was 46.
Vice President Lyndon Johnson, who was three cars behind President Kennedy in the motorcade, was sworn in as the 36th president of the United States at 2:39 p.m. He took the presidential oath of office aboard Air Force One as it sat on the runway at Dallas Love Field airport. The swearing in was witnessed by some 30 people, including Jacqueline Kennedy, who was still wearing clothes stained with her husband’s blood. Seven minutes later, the presidential jet took off for Washington.
The next day, November 23, President Johnson issued his first proclamation, declaring November 25 to be a day of national mourning for the slain president. On that Monday, hundreds of thousands of people lined the streets of Washington to watch a horse-drawn caisson bear Kennedy’s body from the Capitol Rotunda to St. Matthew’s Catholic Cathedral for a requiem Mass. The solemn procession then continued on to Arlington National Cemetery, where leaders of 99 nations gathered for the state funeral. Kennedy was buried with full military honors on a slope below Arlington House, where an eternal flame was lit by his widow to forever mark the grave.
Lee Harvey Oswald, born in New Orleans in 1939, joined the U.S. Marines in 1956. He was discharged in 1959 and nine days later left for the Soviet Union, where he tried unsuccessfully to become a citizen. He worked in Minsk and married a Soviet woman and in 1962 was allowed to return to the United States with his wife and infant daughter. In early 1963, he bought a .38 revolver and rifle with a telescopic sight by mail order, and on April 10 in Dallas he allegedly shot at and missed former U.S. Army general Edwin Walker, a figure known for his extreme right-wing views. Later that month, Oswald went to New Orleans and founded a branch of the Fair Play for Cuba Committee, a pro-Castro organization. In September 1963, he went to Mexico City, where investigators allege that he attempted to secure a visa to travel to Cuba or return to the USSR. In October, he returned to Dallas and took a job at the Texas School Book Depository Building.
Less than an hour after Kennedy was shot, Oswald killed a policeman who questioned him on the street near his rooming house in Dallas. Thirty minutes later, Oswald was arrested in a movie theater by police responding to reports of a suspect. He was formally arraigned on November 23 for the murders of President Kennedy and Officer J.D. Tippit.
On November 24, Oswald was brought to the basement of the Dallas police headquarters on his way to a more secure county jail. A crowd of police and press with live television cameras rolling gathered to witness his departure. As Oswald came into the room, Jack Ruby emerged from the crowd and fatally wounded him with a single shot from a concealed .38 revolver. Ruby, who was immediately detained, claimed that rage at Kennedy’s murder was the motive for his action. Some called him a hero, but he was nonetheless charged with first-degree murder.
Jack Ruby, originally known as Jacob Rubenstein, operated strip joints and dance halls in Dallas and had minor connections to organized crime. He features prominently in Kennedy-assassination theories, and many believe he killed Oswald to keep him from revealing a larger conspiracy. In his trial, Ruby denied the allegation and pleaded innocent on the grounds that his great grief over Kennedy’s murder had caused him to suffer “psychomotor epilepsy” and shoot Oswald unconsciously. The jury found Ruby guilty of “murder with malice” and sentenced him to die.
In October 1966, the Texas Court of Appeals reversed the decision on the grounds of improper admission of testimony and the fact that Ruby could not have received a fair trial in Dallas at the time. In January 1967, while awaiting a new trial, to be held in Wichita Falls, Ruby died of lung cancer in a Dallas hospital.
The official Warren Commission report of 1964 concluded that neither Oswald nor Ruby were part of a larger conspiracy, either domestic or international, to assassinate President Kennedy. Despite its seemingly firm conclusions, the report failed to silence conspiracy theories surrounding the event, and in 1978 the House Select Committee on Assassinations concluded in a preliminary report that Kennedy was “probably assassinated as a result of a conspiracy” that may have involved multiple shooters and organized crime. The committee’s findings, as with those of the Warren Commission, continue to be widely disputed.
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- 1307 – Pope Clement V issues the papal bull Pastoralis Praeeminentiae which instructed all Christian monarchs in Europe to arrest all Templars and seize their assets.
- 1574 – Spanish navigator Juan Fernández discovers islands now known as the Juan Fernández Islands off Chile.
- 1635 – Dutch colonial forces on Taiwan launch a pacification campaign against native villages, resulting in Dutch control of the middle and south of the island.
- 1718 – Off the coast of North Carolina, British pirate Edward Teach (best known as "Blackbeard") is killed in battle with a boarding party led by Royal Navy Lieutenant Robert Maynard.
- 1837 – Canadian journalist and politician William Lyon Mackenzie calls for a rebellion against the United Kingdom in his essay "To the People of Upper Canada", published in his newspaper The Constitution.
- 1864 – American Civil War: John Bell Hood begins the Franklin–Nashville Campaign in an unsuccessful attempt to draw William Tecumseh Sherman back out of Georgia.
- 1869 – In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched and is one of the last clippers ever built, and the only one still surviving today.
- 1873 – The French steamer SS Ville du Havre sinks in 12 minutes after colliding with the Scottish iron clipper Loch Earn in the Atlantic, with a loss of 226 lives.
- 1908 – The Congress of Manastir establishes the Albanian alphabet.
- 1928 – The premier performance of Ravel's Boléro takes place in Paris.
- 1931 – Al-Mina'a SC is founded in Iraq.
- 1935 – The China Clipper inaugurates the first commercial transpacific air service, connecting Alameda, California with Manila.
- 1940 – World War II: Following the initial Italian invasion, Greek troops counterattack into Italian-occupied Albania and capture Korytsa.
- 1942 – World War II: Battle of Stalingrad: General Friedrich Paulus sends Adolf Hitler a telegram saying that the German 6th Army is surrounded.
- 1943 – World War II: Cairo Conference: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Chinese Premier Chiang Kai-shek meet in Cairo, Egypt, to discuss ways to defeat Japan.
- 1943 – Lebanon gains independence from France.
- 1948 – Chinese Civil War: Elements of the Chinese Communist Second Field Army under Liu Bocheng trap the Nationalist 12th Army, beginning the Shuangduiji Campaign, the largest engagement of the Huaihai Campaign.
- 1954 – The Humane Society of the United States is founded.
- 1956 – The Summer Olympics officially known as the games of the XVI Olympiad were opened in Melbourne, Australia.
- 1963 – U.S. President John F. Kennedy is assassinated and Texas Governor John Connally is seriously wounded by Lee Harvey Oswald, who also killed Dallas Police officer J. D. Tippit after fleeing the scene. U.S Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn in as the 36th President of the United States afterwards.
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- 1963 – Writers Aldous Huxley and C.S. Lewis pass away.
- 1963 – The Beatles release With the Beatles.
- 1967 – UN Security Council Resolution 242 is adopted, establishing a set of the principles aimed at guiding negotiations for an Arab–Israeli peace settlement.
- 1968 – The Beatles release The Beatles (known popularly as The White Album).
- 1973 – The Italian Fascist organization Ordine Nuovo is disbanded.
- 1974 – The United Nations General Assembly grants the Palestine Liberation Organization observer status.
- 1975 – Juan Carlos is declared King of Spain following the death of Francisco Franco.
- 1977 – British Airways inaugurates a regular London to New York City supersonic Concorde service.
- 1986 – Mike Tyson from Brooklyn, New York becomes the youngest heavyweight champion in boxing history at age 20.
- 1987 – Two Chicago television stations are hijacked by an unknown pirate dressed as Max Headroom.
- 1988 – In Palmdale, California, the first prototype B-2 Spirit stealth bomber is revealed.
- 1989 – In West Beirut, a bomb explodes near the motorcade of Lebanese President René Moawad, killing him.
- 1990 – British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher withdraws from the Conservative Party leadership election, confirming the end of her Prime-Ministership.
- 1994 – The Sega Saturn is released in Japan.
- 1995 – Toy Story is released as the first feature-length film created completely using computer-generated imagery.
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- 2003 – England defeat Australia in the 2003 Rugby World Cup Final, becoming the first side from the Northern Hemisphere to win the tournament.
- 2004 – The Orange Revolution begins in Ukraine, resulting from the presidential elections.
- 2005 – Angela Merkel becomes the first female Chancellor of Germany.
- 2012 – Ceasefire begins between Hamas in the Gaza Strip and Israel after eight days of violence and 150 deaths.
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