(Back to TOP:jpn)        (Back to TOP:eng)                    
                 (Now, editing!)
                                           Today@VOA
VOA(The Voice of America)はヨシダにとって、極めて縁の深いシロモノでして、話せば(書けば)長~いストーリーになるのですが、かいつまんでの話、父の早世(娘婿経営の製材工場での労災事故)で吉田家長男を意識して生活力を把握することを第一にすることの選択肢を余儀なくしました。姉婿の助言をそのまま受けての少年時代の人生決断でした。
 その結果は、大学進学を断念して夜間高校に学びつつの「職人人生」の選択をしました。おりしも、吉田家長女・初枝の旦那で大手ゼネコンの下請け人材派遣会社を経営していた人物の助言を受けて「帯鋸目立て師」という特殊技術を要する職業の選択を余儀なくしました。大の男が稼ぐ以上の稼ぎを少年時代から把握し、若い未亡人のお袋を働かすこともなく、かつまた、3歳下の弟も県外の大学に進ます等々、大のオトコが出来得ない経済力を発揮。その後は、吾輩の経営者体験を見込んだ家内の里のトラック運送会社経営を継承して、その後の32年間で曲がりなりにも「7社グループによる総合物流運輸商社」の構築をしたものです。
 と、当時の吾輩の意地は、「ボクは大学進学はできないけど、英語力だけは負けないゾ~!って感じの単純な少年の意地を秘めた青春時代でしたが、その時に縁を持ったのがToday@VOAでした。英語学習と言えば、青春時代の最大の産物は、夜間校時代に「広島県下高校英語弁論大会」で優勝したことです。演題は"How I have fought my way out!"でした。この青春時代の出来事が後年吾輩の人生に大きな変化や成果を招来したのですが此処では言及しません。ともかく、大学進学を断念せざるを得なかったマイナス面をカヴァーして異色の人生体験を体験したものです。
 と、ヨシダ人生は英語学習無くして語れないほどのエイゴだけに、あえてこのようなことに言及するのですが、同じエイゴ学習でもこと、発音に関する限りは日本人として異例的と自負し得る結果を会得して現在に至るものです。と、そんな生活環境ゆえに「英語力把握」には常人に負けない青春時代からの吾輩でした。
 その当時、縁を持ったのが
Today@VOAでした。惚れ惚れするような魅力的なトーンの担当者のナレーションでした!・・・と、以下に書き加えた英語の一節がそれでした。

Note:Due to the fact that this column lasted for more than 2 and half years, and that the Today@VOA  sends the old ones, so that I decided to make a period except the new one is ever delivered. The last one is placed below for  the visitors information.
 www.a-bombsurvivor.com/today@VOA.2020/No.940.following.records.html

            "today@VOA English edition Records"(June 15, 2016
The viewers would find big progress of the headquarter by taking a look at this!(March 18, 2019)
  Image result for The announcer of the VOA to the Far East in around 1946Image result for the VOA to the Far East in around 1946Image result for the VOA to the Far East in around 1946Image result for the VOA to the Far East in around 1946Image result for the VOA to the Far East in around 1946Image result for the VOA to the Far East in around 1946Image result for the VOA to the Far East in around 1946
This is the Voice of America for freedom and peace. We are broadcasting from Washington, the nations capitol, to the people of the Far East. Monday through Saturday we present reports from the USA, a daily half hour of music and special features....♪  The ending message was You’ve been listening to the VOA from Washington, until next time, bidding you "Good night" from Washington!♪ I was charmed by the announcers beautiful voice and elocution!    

On This Day in American History
On Aug. 5, 1962, actress and model Marilyn Monroe is found dead in her Los Angeles home. Investigators said the cause of death was an overdose of sedatives. Monroe was an iconic sex symbol, known for her roles in movies such as Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953), How to Marry a Millionaire (1953), and There’s No Business Like Show Business (1954). Monroe’s private life was tumultuous with high profile divorces and constant battles with depression and drug use. During her last days, she lived as virtual recluse. She was 36.
On This Day in American History
On Aug. 4, 1914, President Woodrow Wilson announces the United States will remain neutral as World War I breaks out in Europe. The policy was favored by a majority of Americans. However, in the wake of several German attacks against U.S. ships and evidence of Germany plotting with Mexico against the U.S., the country entered the war in April of 1917. The addition of U.S. forces tipped the balance of power in favor of the Allies. Over 50,000 Americans were killed or went missing in action.
On This Day in American History
On Aug. 3, 1958, the U.S. nuclear-powered submarine, USS Nautilus, makes the first underwater trip to the geographic North Pole. The 1,000-mile trip took the world’s first nuclear sub from Point Barrow, Alaska, to Iceland. During the journey, Nautilus traveled at a depth of 500 feet, while the ice above it averaged between 10 and 50 feet in thickness. Nautilus was commissioned in 1954, decommissioned in 1980 and traveled more than 500,000 miles during its time in service. It is now on display in a museum in Groton, Connecticut.
On This Day in American History
On July 31, 1964, NASA’s space probe Ranger 7 takes the first close-up photographs of the moon’s surface. The probe sent back over 4,000 images, which were 1,000 times more clear than views of the moon offered by telescopes on earth. Ranger 7′s cameras were active for 17 minutes as the probe headed toward an eventual impact with the moon. The mission proved the lunar surface was not dusty or otherwise treacherous and therefore relatively safe for a manned landing, which happened five years later.

                                         "Caitlyn Jenner-Wikipedia"
 Image result for wikipediaCaitlyn Jenner.jpeg

On This Day in American History
On July 30, 1976, Caitlyn Jenner, then known as Bruce Jenner, wins gold in the men’s decathlon at the Montreal Olympics. While not favored to win, Jenner took a unique approach to training. Rather than train with other decathletes, Jenner trained with the best athletes in each of the 10 events. After the surprising win, the “world’s greatest athlete” became a household name in the U.S., promoting a variety of products, including as a spokesperson for Wheaties cereal. In April 2015, Jenner announced she was a transgender woman. Two months later, she introduced her new name.
On This Day in American History
On July 29, 1958, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration is established by Congress. Created as a direct response to the Soviet Union’s surprise 1957 launch of Sputnik 1, the world’s first artificial satellite, NASA was charged with focusing on all U.S. space endeavors. Since its establishment, NASA has successfully landed Americans on the moon and launched probes to the far corners of the solar system. NASA has also suffered setbacks, including two space shuttle crashes and a deadly fire during an Apollo 1 training session.
On This Day in American History
On July 28, 1932, President Herbert Hoover orders the U.S. Army to disperse the “Bonus Army” protesters made up largely of World War I veterans seeking early payment of a bonus promised to them for their service.  About 2,000 people are expelled from a camp in Washington near the Anacostia River.  At least one man is killed when police open fire on some of the group.
On This Day in American History
On July 27, 1909, Orville Wright and U.S. Army Lt. Frank P. Lahm set a record for the longest flight at Fort Myer, Virginia, during a military test of an airplane. The plane flew for an hour and twelve minutes, covering fifty miles at a speed of about forty miles an hour.
On This Day in American History
On July 17, 1996, Trans World Airlines flight 800 explodes shortly after taking off from New York’s John F. Kennedy International Airport. All 230 aboard the Paris-bound Boeing 747 died. Some initially suspected terrorism or an errant U.S. Navy missile caused the crash, but in 2000, after a long and contentious investigation, U.S. officials concluded the cause was a mechanical failure leading to the ignition of one of the plane’s massive fuel tanks.
On This Day in American History
On July 16, 1969, at 9:32 a.m. EDT, Apollo 11 lifts off from Cape Canaveral, Florida, beginning the historic trip to the Moon for astronauts Neil Armstrong, Edwin E. “Buzz” Aldrin and Michael Collins. About one million people crowded highways, parking lots and beaches nearby to watch the historic moonshot. The launch was televised in 33 countries and an estimated 25 million Americans watched the lift-off on television. Twelve minutes after launch, Apollo 11 reached orbit and later began the 386,000-kilometer trip to the Moon.
On This Day in American History
On July 15, 2006, the microblogging service Twitter publicly launches in San Francisco. Originally called Twttr, the company now boasts more than 300 million users worldwide. While much smaller than Facebook, Twitter has a large influence, particularly on journalism and politics, with President Donald Trump as one of the service’s most famous users. The first tweet ever sent over the service was by co-founder Jack Dorsey. It read simply, “just setting up my twttr.” Today, the company employs upwards of 5,000 and is available in over 40 languages.
On This Day in American History
On July 14, 1913, former president Gerald R. Ford, née Leslie Lynch King Jr., is born in Omaha, Nebraska. After a stellar career in college football, a stint as a male model and military service in World War II, he became involved in Republican politics. He served in the U.S. House of Representatives for 25 years before his appointment as President Richard M. Nixon’s vice president following the resignation of Spiro Agnew in 1973. After Nixon resigned in 1974 amid the Watergate scandal, Ford took office on Aug. 9. He was defeated by Jimmy Carter in the 1976 election. Ford died in 2006 at the age of 93.
On This Day in American History
On July 13, 1923, the iconic Hollywood sign is dedicated in Los Angeles, California. Originally an advertisement for a local real estate development, the landmark became a permanent fixture in the Hollywood Hills. The sign originally read “Hollywoodland,” but the four last letters were dropped after a 1949 renovation.
On This Day in American History
On July 10, 1962, the U.S. Patent Office, now the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, issues a patent for the three-point seat belt. The inventor was Swede Nils Bohlin, who worked for the Swedish automaker Volvo. Four years later, Congress passed a law requiring all new cars to include the three-point seat belt. Seat belts are credited with reducing traffic fatalities by 50%, and today it is estimated that more than 80% of Americans wear them when driving.
On This Day in American History
On July 9, 1850, President Zachary Taylor dies suddenly after serving just 16 months. While the cause of his death is still disputed, the most widely accepted explanation is he died of a digestive ailment after a Fourth of July celebration at the Washington Monument construction site. The 12th president rose to the office as a member of the Whig Party after a long career in the military, which included involvement in the War of 1812, several Indian Wars and the Mexican-American War. He was succeeded by Millard Fillmore.
On This Day in American History
On July 8, 1853, Commodore Matthew Perry leads a squadron of U.S. Navy ships into Tokyo Bay, which led to an end to centuries of Japan’s near isolation. Perry would return to Japan a year later and officially sign the Treaty of Kanagawa, which opened ports and allowed for diplomatic missions. Relations with the U.S. had a domino effect, and soon, many other countries signed treaties with Japan, eventually leading to the fall of the shogunate and rapid modernization.
On This Day in American History
On July 7, 1981, President Ronald Reagan nominates Sandra Day O’Connor to be the first woman justice on the U.S. Supreme Court. On Sept. 21, the Arizona appeals judge was unanimously confirmed by the U.S. Senate and was sworn in four days later. During her time on the court, O’Connor was seen as a moderate conservative. She retired on July 1, 2005, and was replaced by Samuel Alito. In 2018, she retired from public life after being diagnosed with early stage dementia.
On This Day in American History
On July 6, 1976, the U.S. Naval Academy admits women for the first time with the induction of 81 female midshipmen. Elizabeth Anne Rowe was the first female member of the class to graduate four years later. In 1984, Kristine Holderied, pictured here with President Ronald Reagan that year, was the first female midshipman to graduate at the top of her class.
On This Day in American History
On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress officially severs ties between the American colonies and Britain, but the wording of the formal Declaration of Independence is not published until two days later, on July 4. (Photo: The first printed version of the Declaration of Independence printed by John Dunlap of Philadelphia, printer to the Continental Congress.)
On This Day in American History
On July 1, 1863, the Battle of Gettysburg begins. The massive Civil War engagement lasted three days and resulted in a major defeat for the Confederacy by Union forces. The battle was the bloodiest in U.S. history with an estimated 46,000 to 51,000 casualties combined. Considered a turning point in the Civil War, the battle resulted in an end to Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s invasion of the North and the South’s ultimate surrender in 1865.
On This Day in American History
On June 25, 2009, entertainer Michael Jackson is found dead in his Los Angeles home. The cause of death was cardiac arrest caused by a combination of drugs. The superstar, known as the “King of Pop,” started his career in 1965 as the lead singer of The Jackson 5, a group composed of his brothers. At the time of his death, Jackson was planning a comeback after a long break from touring. His July 7, 2009, memorial service was viewed live by tens of millions of people around the world.
On This Day in American History
On June 23, 1992, mafia crime boss John Gotti is sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole. Often referred to as the “Teflon Don” because of his ability to avoid conviction, Gotti had been found guilty of 14 charges, including racketeering and conspiracy to commit murder, in April. From 1985, Gotti was the head of the powerful Gambino crime syndicate, which, at its peak, was estimated to have an annual income of over $500 million. He died in prison in 2002.
On This Day in American History
On June 22, 1944, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the G.I. Bill. The bill, a sweeping “New Deal” for veterans, gave returning World War II veterans access to unemployment compensation, low-interest home and business loans, and funding for education. When the bill expired in 1956, some 7.8 million veterans had accessed the bill’s education benefits. Today, veterans are still eligible for a variety of similar benefits under laws passed since the G.I. Bill.
On This Day in American History
On June 19, 1953, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are executed after being convicted of spying for the Soviet Union two years earlier. Specifically, the couple was accused of leading a spy ring that led to the leaking of secret information about the atomic bomb. The Rosenbergs professed their innocence until the end, but most Americans at the time felt their sentence was just, particularly given the backdrop of an intensifying Cold War between the U.S. and U.S.S.R. The two were electrocuted in the same electric chair just minutes apart. Their two sons survived them.
On This Day in American History
On June 18, 1942, film critic Roger Ebert is born in Urbana, Illinois. Ebert started his career as a journalist, but by 1966, he was reviewing movies for the Chicago Sun-Times . Just nine years later, he became the first film critic to win a Pulitzer Prize. That same year, he teamed up with another critic, Gene Siskel, to review movies for a monthly television show which aired in Chicago. By 1982, the show, first called At the Movies and later, Siskel & Ebert , became nationally syndicated. When Siskel died, Ebert teamed up with Richard Roeper to continue televised movie reviews. Ebert died in April of 2013. A movie about his life, Life Itself , was released in 2014.
On This Day in American History
On June 17, 1885, the Statue of Liberty arrives in New York. However, there was a catch: The gift from France was dismantled into 350 copper and iron pieces for shipment and had to be assembled. The statue, which depicts the Roman goddess Libertas, was fully assembled by the next year, and on October 28, 1886 it was officially dedicated by President Grover Cleveland. Today, the symbol of freedom attracts over three million visitors per year.
On This Day in American History
On June 16, 1965, Bob Dylan records “Like a Rolling Stone,” which cements his controversial move from folk singer to rock and roll star and launches him to global fame. The song was considered revolutionary at the time and marked a major milestone in the development of rock music. It is No. 1 on Rolling Stone magazine’s list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.
On This Day in American History
On June 15, 1877, Henry Ossian Flipper, a former slave, is the first African American to graduate from the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. In an 1878 autobiography, Flipper said he was socially ostracized by other cadets and professors during his time there. After leaving West Point, Flipper was assigned as a second lieutenant in the all-African American 10th Cavalry Regiment and was stationed at Fort Sill in Oklahoma. This unit, among others, later became known as the Buffalo Soldiers.
On This Day in American History
On June 12, 1987, President Ronald Reagan gives his famous “tear down this wall” speech near the Berlin Wall in West Germany. In the speech, Reagan urged Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the wall dividing Berlin. The wall was build in 1961 as a way to keep East German citizens from escaping to the West. In November of 1989, East Germans and West Germans tore the wall down themselves as the Communist regime began to lose its grip on power in the failed state. On October 3, 1990, Germany was reunified.
On This Day in American History
On June 11, 1986, the movie Ferris Bueller’s Day Off is released. The film chronicles a day of high school slacker Ferris Bueller, played by Matthew Broderick, who skips school and explores Chicago with his girlfriend and best friend. The comedy, which was directed by John Hughes, pulled in over $70 million and only cost about $5.8 million to make. The movie is widely considered a classic, and in 2014, it was selected for preservation in the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress, being “culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant.”
On This Day in American History
On June 10, 1928, author and illustrator Maurice Sendak is born in Brooklyn, New York. Sendak is most known for authoring and illustrating the classic children’s book, Where the Wild Things Are , which was published in 1963. The highly acclaimed book was novel in the way it depicted childhood worries and rebellion, and some called the book too scary for children. But in 1964, Sendak’s book was awarded the prestigious Caldecott Medal. Sendak died in 2012 at the age of 83.
On This Day in American History
On June 9, 1954, attorney Joseph Welch was representing the U.S. Army at a hearing convened by anticommunist crusader Sen. Joseph McCarthy. Welch interrupted McCarthy as the Wisconsin senator accused one of Welch’s fellow attorneys of having communist ties.  “Let us not assassinate this lad further, Senator,” Welch said. “You have done enough. Have you no sense of decency?”  The televised exchange marked the beginning of the end of McCarthy’s national popularity.
On This Day in American History
On June 8, 1968, James Earl Ray is arrested in London, England, and charged with the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. Two months earlier, on April 4, 1968, the civil rights icon was fatally wounded by a sniper’s bullet as he stood on a balcony outside his second-story motel room in Memphis. Ray was convicted after pleading guilty and was sentenced to 99 years. He died in prison in 1998.
On This Day in American History
On June 5, 1968, Senator Robert F. Kennedy, 42, is fatally shot. The Democratic candidate for president had just won the California primary, and after wrapping up his victory speech at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, he was shot several times by Sirhan Sirhan. Kennedy was the likely nominee for the Democrats to run against Richard Nixon, but after Kennedy died on June 6, the nomination eventually went to Hubert Humphrey who lost to Nixon. Sirhan Sirhan remains in a California prison.
On This Day in American History
On June 4, 1876, the Transcontinental Express train arrives in San Francisco, 83 hours and 39 minutes after leaving New York City. While transcontinental service had been offered since 1869, the Transcontinental Express promotional trip showed Americans just how fast train travel could be. While 83 hours might seem excruciating to modern travelers, back then it was a marvel. Wealthy customers traveled in luxury while those of more modest means endured bare bones amenities.
On This Day in American History
On June 2, 1935, George Herman “Babe” Ruth retires from professional baseball. Considered one of the greatest ever, Babe Ruth played 22 seasons, won seven World Series championships and hit 714 home runs. Many of his records stood for decades. Ruth began playing baseball at 19 for a minor league team and made his Major League debut for the Boston Red Sox as a pitcher in 1914, but it wasn’t until he was traded to the New York Yankees in 1920 that he became a superstar. It was in New York where he cemented his reputation as a hitter. Ruth died in 1948 at the age of 53.
On This Day in American History
On June 1, 1779, General Benedict Arnold is court-martialed during the American Revolutionary War. Arnold fought for the American Continental Army, but later defected to the British side. As a general on the American side, he secretly planned to surrender the fortifications at West Point, New York, which were under his command, to the British. Today, the name ‘Benedict Arnold’ is synonymous with treason and betrayal in the US.
On This Day in American History
On May 29, 1848, Wisconsin becomes the 30th state. French explorer Jean Nicolet was the first European to explore the area in 1634. At the conclusion of the French-Indian Wars in 1763, what would become Wisconsin was the center of a lucrative fur trade. After the Revolutionary War, the U.S. ostensibly governed the area, but it wasn’t until after the War of 1812 that the U.S. took control from British fur traders. With the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, settlers began arriving, attracted by the agricultural potential. Today, Wisconsin, home to nearly 6 million people, is known as “America’s Dairyland” and is most famous for its cheese.
On This Day in American History
On May 28, 1998, comedian Phil Hartman is gunned down in his home by his wife, who then turned the gun on herself. Phil Hartman was 49. Hartman was most well known for his eight years as a cast member of Saturday Night Live where he did numerous impersonations of celebrities and politicians, including President Bill Clinton. Hartman also voice several characters on the popular animated series, The Simpsons , including washed up actor Troy McClure. The Hartmans were survived by two children.
On This Day in American History
On May 27, 1937, the Golden Gate Bridge opens. Nearly 200,000 people walked the 1.7 mile span, which crosses the Golden Gate Strait and connects San Francisco with Marin County. The bridge, which took five years to build, opened to vehicular traffic the next day. Today, over 110,000 automobiles cross the bridge daily. Many consider the Golden Gate Bridge the most picturesque bridge in the world.
On This Day in American History
On May 26, 1868, President Andrew Johnson is acquitted during a Senate impeachment trial. The House of Representatives had found Johnson guilty of violating the Tenure in Office Act, which curbed presidential powers to remove cabinet members from office. The law was later found to be unconstitutional. Thirty-five senators found the president guilty, while 19 voted not guilty. That fell one vote short of the two-thirds majority needed to remove the president. Ten days earlier, Johnson narrowly survived another impeachment trial by the same vote. Johnson, a Democrat, was Republican president Abraham Lincoln’s vice president and became president after Lincoln was assassinated.
On This Day in American History
On May 22, 1849, future President Abraham Lincoln is issued a patent for an invention to lift boats over shoals and other obstructions in a river, making him the only U.S. president to ever hold a patent. The idea for the lift boat likely came to Lincoln after moving good by flatboat along the Mississippi River. This photo shows a patent model of Lincoln’s invention, which was never actually built.
On This Day in American History
On May 21, 1932, American Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. Her original goal was to fly from Newfoundland to Paris in her single engine plane, partially emulating Charles Lindbergh’s solo flight from New York to Paris five years earlier, but bad weather forced her to land in a pasture in Derry, Northern Ireland. The aviation pioneer set many records, but five years after the transatlantic flight, she disappeared over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to circumnavigate the globe. Neither remains nor wreckage was ever found.
On This Day in American History
On May 20, 1873, a patent for denim work pants reinforced with rivets is issued to businessman Levi Strauss and tailor Jacob Davis. The pants have become what is perhaps the world’s most popular trousers: blue jeans. Davis invented the “waist overalls,” but lacked the funding to start a business, so he reached out to Strauss who’d become wealthy running a dry goods store in a booming California. By the 1880s, the demand for the work pants was so high that Strauss opened a factory to mass produce the product. The iconic 501 brand, known as XX until 1890, soon became a bestseller, and by 1920 “Levis” were the most popular work pants in the U.S.
On This Day in American History
On May 19, 1964, U.S. officials disclose the discovery of more than 40 hidden microphones inside the U.S. Embassy in Moscow. The snooping devices, which were installed on floors where sensitive conversations were held, were likely to have been installed deep inside the walls when the embassy was leased to the U.S. in 1953. In response, the U.S. issued a strong protest to the Soviet government.
On This Day in American History
On May 15, 1800, President John Adams orders the federal government to move from Philadelphia to Washington, D.C. The former officially stopped functioning as the nation’s capital on June 11. At the time of the move, there were only around 125 federal employees. The young government’s documents were all shipped to Washington via boat. Adams would not move to Washington until November as the White House was still under construction. Congress would move to Washington in November as well.
On This Day in American History
On May 14, 1607, Jamestown, Virginia, is settled as an English colony, the first of its kind in the Americas, After a near economic collapse in 1610, settlers were able to make a profit exporting tobacco. Jamestown served as the capital of the Virginia Colony for 83 years, until 1699.
On This Day in American History
On May 13, 1846, the United States Congress declares war on Mexico. At the center of the dispute was the U.S. annexation of Texas, which Mexico also claimed. After two years of fighting, the U.S. emerged victorious, leading to the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848. The treaty made the Rio Grande the southern border of Texas and ceded vast swaths of formerly Mexican territory to the U.S., including some or all of Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah and Wyoming.
On This Day in American History
On May 12, 1932, aviation pioneer Charles Lindbergh’s kidnapped baby is found dead. The baby was snatched from Lindbergh’s mansion two months prior, capturing the attention of the entire country. Just five years prior to the kidnapping, Lindbergh was vaulted to national fame after completing the first solo transatlantic flight aboard The Spirit of St. Louis . In 1934, Bruno Hauptmann was arrested and later found guilty of the crime. He was executed in 1936. In response to the case, kidnapping was made a federal crime.
On This Day in American History
On May 11, 1996, ValuJet Flight 592 crashes in the Florida Everglades on its way from Miami to Atlanta. All 110 people aboard were killed. An investigation determined improperly stored chemical oxygen generators being carried as cargo caused a fire that resulted in the fatal crash. The airline was already known for having a poor safety record and was shut down for several months after the crash. When passengers failed to return when it resumed service, the company changed its name to AirTran, which operated until 2014 when it was bought by Southwest Airlines.
On This Day in American History
On May 8, 1945, the United States and Great Britain celebrate Victory in Europe Day, marking the defeat of Nazi Germany on the western front. On the eastern front, German and Soviet soldiers continued to skirmish as many Germans tried to flee to the west, so Russia celebrates the end of World War II on May 9. The war in the Pacific, however, raged on and would end on August 15, 1945. More than 80 million combatants and civilians lost their lives in the war that started in 1939.
On This Day in American History
On May 7, 1901, famed actor Gary Cooper is born in Helena, Montana. Cooper’s career spanned five decades, during which the actor won the Academy Award for Best Actor twice for his roles in Sergeant York (1941) and High Noon (1952). Cooper started his career as a cowboy extra in a silent Western. By 1929, he was making “talkie” movies, starting with The Virginian (1929). He was noted as the one of the top ten film personalities for 23 years straight and was one of the top paid actors for 18 years. Cooper died from cancer in 1961.
On This Day in American History
On May 6, 2004, over 51 million Americans tune into the last episode of the sitcom, Friends . The wildly popular show centered on six young people and their lives in New York City. The cast featured several unknown actors—among them Jennifer Aniston, Matthew Perry and Lisa Kudrow—who would become household names. The show won six Emmy Awards during its 10-year run, and it is still aired in syndication in nearly 100 countries.
On This Day in American History
On May 5, 1961, astronaut Allen B, Shepherd Jr. becomes the first American in space while aboard Freedom 7 . The Navy veteran’s flight was suborbital and lasted only 15 minutes, but it restored faith in the American space program as it tried to catch up with the Soviet Union, which put a man in orbit less than a month earlier. Nearly a decade later, Shepherd would command Apollo 14 and become the fifth man to walk on the moon. Shepherd died in 1998 at the age of 74.
On This Day in American History
On May 4, 1970, members of the Ohio National Guard open fire on unarmed protestors at Kent State University who were opposed to the U.S. bombing in Cambodia as part of the war in Vietnam. Four students were killed and 9 others were wounded. The tragedy helped fuel growing opposition and frustration with military action in Southeast Asia.
On This Day in American History
On May 1, 1941 the landmark movie, Citizen Kane , is released. The movie, starring Orson Welles, who also co-wrote and produced it, chronicles the life of Charles Foster Kane, a character loosely based on newspaper magnates Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst. It was Welles’ first movie. While not a box office success, the movie was nominated for nine Academy Awards, winning for Best Writing (Original Screenplay). The movie was quickly forgotten, but interest in it was reignited in the mid-1950s, and it is now considered one of the greatest movies ever made.
On This Day in American History
On April 30, 1927, the first federal prison for women opens in Alderson, West Virginia. The Federal Industrial Institution for Women was initially for women serving federal sentences of a year or more and was designed to focus on reform, not punishment. Some said it resembled a boarding school. Prisoners farmed, did office work, cooked and even learned to sing. Today, there are nearly 1,000 inmates, most of whom are convicted of non-violent or white-collar crimes. Some notable former inmates include singer Billie Holiday and lifestyle guru Martha Stewart.
On This Day in American History
On April 29, 1992, a jury finds four Los Angeles police officers not guilty of using excessive force in the arrest of Rodney King, an African American, after a high-speed chase. King’s arrest and beating was videotaped, and the gripping footage was aired around the world. The verdict inflamed the already tense African-American community and sparked six days of racial unrest. Sixty-three people died, and over 2,000 were injured. Damages were estimated to be over $1 billion.
On This Day in American History
On April 28, 1967, boxer Muhammad Ali refuses to be inducted into the U.S. military, citing his Muslim religious beliefs. He was immediately stripped of his heavyweight title. When announcing his refusal, Ali famously said, “I ain’t got no quarrel with those Vietcong.” The boxing icon was convicted and sentenced to five years in prison and given a $10,000 fine. He was also banned from boxing for three years. He managed to stay out of prison through the appeal process, and in 1970, he returned to the ring. In 1971, his conviction was overturned by the U.S. Supreme Court.
On This Day in American History
On April 27, 1822, President Ulysses S. Grant is born in Point Pleasant, Ohio. The son of a tanner, the 18th president had no interest in pursuing his father’s career, so he went to West Point. After a stint in the military that included serving in the Mexican-American War, Grant was asked to resign due to alcohol abuse. He returned to Ohio where he failed as a farmer and land speculator. He finally took a job with his father. He returned to the Army with the outbreak of the Civil War and is credited with leading the Union’s ultimate victory. A national hero, Grant ran for president in 1868 and won. He was re-elected in 1872, but his tenure was marred by widespread corruption. Grant died in 1885.
On This Day in American History
On April 24, 1800, President John Adams establishes the Library of Congress using $5,000 appropriated by Congress. The first books were ordered from London and arrived in 1801. They were kept in the U.S. Capitol. In 1802, the library had 964 books and nine maps. During the War of 1812, the Capitol was burned down causing the loss of 3,000 books. In order to replace the loss, former President Thomas Jefferson sold his extensive library of nearly 6,500 volumes to Congress to rebuild the collection. Another fire in 1851 destroyed about two thirds of the then 55,000-volume library, including many of Jefferson’s books. These losses were replaced within a few years. Today, the library has about 38 million books as well as photographs and recordings.
On This Day in American History
On April 23, 1969, Sirhan Sirhan is sentenced to death for the assassination of Democratic presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy. On June 5, 1968, Kennedy, who had just given a victory speech, was making his way from the ballroom of the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles toward the hotel kitchen when Sirhan shot him three times. Sirhan’s death sentence was later reduced to life in 1972 when California abolished the death penalty. Sirhan, now 76, is currently incarcerated in a California prison.
On This Day in American History
On April 22, 1994, former President Richard M. Nixon dies at age 81. The 37th president is most remembered for the Watergate scandal, which eventually led to his resignation early in his second term. Despite his reputation as a staunch anti-communist, Nixon’s most lasting foreign policy achievement was opening relations between the U.S. and China. That led to a warming relationship with the Soviet Union known as détente. Domestically, Nixon worked to pass the 1969 National Environmental Policy Act, which created the Environmental Protection Agency, the Clean Water Act of 1972 and the Endangered Species Act of 1973.
On This Day in American History
On April 20, 1986, Chicago Bulls basketball star Michael Jordan scores 63 points in a playoff game against the Boston Celtics. It remains the most points scored in a postseason game. Despite the performance, the Bulls lost in double overtime. The Celtics swept the Bulls in the three-game series and went on to win the NBA championship. Jordan would have to wait until 1991 to win the first of his six championships.
On This Day in American History
On April 16, 2007, Virginia Tech student Seung Hui Cho begins a shooting rampage against his fellow students and faculty members, killing 32 and then turning a gun on himself. The shooting, one of the worst of all time, started when Cho killed two in a dormitory and fled the scene. He later went to a classroom building and opened fire for 10 minutes before killing himself. Police believe Cho, who had a history of mental illness, did not specifically target his victims.
On This Day in American History
On April 17, 1970, Apollo 13 splashes down safely in the Pacific Ocean after the crew and NASA engineers surmounted what seemed like impossible odds in a story that captivated the entire planet. The mission started off well, but when the spacecraft was over 200,000 miles from Earth, an oxygen tank exploded during a routine check, all but crippling the spacecraft. NASA decided the best way back to earth was to slingshot around the moon. During the trip back, the crew of astronauts, James A. Lovell, John L. Swigert and Fred W. Haise, endured freezing temperatures, limited power, shortage of water and toxic levels of carbon dioxide. Many consider the safe return of Apollo 13 one of NASA’s finest moments. The saga was made into a movie in 1995.
On This Day in American History
On April 15, 2013, three are killed and over 260 are injured after two bombs detonate near the finish line of the Boston Marathon. After a massive four-day manhunt during which much of Boston was locked down, police arrested 19-year-old Dzhohkar Tsarnaev and killed his older brother, 26-year-old Tamerlan Tsarnaev, in a shootout. Police believed the crime was motivated by the brothers’ extremist Islamic beliefs but do not think they were affiliated with any larger terrorist group. The younger brother was found guilty of 30 federal charges in July of 2015 and was sentenced to death. Tsarnaev is being held at a supermax prison in Colorado.
On This Day in American History
On April 10, 1866, philanthropist and diplomat Henry Bergh founds the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Bergh first became concerned for animals while serving as a diplomat in Russia where he saw peasants beating horses. On his way back from Russia, he stopped in England and visited the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in London in 1865 and was determined to create something similar in the U.S. Today, the group boasts well over one million members.


                            (Back to TOP:jpn)        (Back to TOP:eng)