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                                             Today@VOA
                                   No.923(March.15. 2020)
         "On March 15, 1820, Maine enters the Union as the 23rd state."
            "1820 Maine enters the Union-HISTORY"     "Maine-HISTORY"   
            
"Maine-Wikipedia"            "Maine enters the 23rd states-Pictures"
              (The 64-13-line-photo-attached file/291.45KB/22.4KB/line) 

On This Day in American History
On March 15, 1820, Maine enters the Union as the 23rd state. Maine had been administered as a province of Massachusetts since 1647. Statehood was a part of the Missouri Compromise of 1820, which required states to be admitted in pairs, one free and one with slavery, to preserve congressional balance. Maine was a free state, and Missouri, when it became a state in 1821, allowed slavery. Today, Maine is the least densely populated state east of the Mississippi River.

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                                             "Maine-HISTORY"
Maine, the largest of the six New England states, lies at the northeastern corner of the country. Maine became the 23rd state on March 15, 1820, as part of the Missouri Compromise, which allowed Missouri to enter the union as a slave state and Maine as a free state. Maine is boundedby the Canadian provinces of Quebec and New Brunswick, and by New Hampshire. Maine is famous for its rocky coastline, and is the leading U.S. producer of lobsters and blueberries.

Date of Statehood: March 15, 1820

Capital: Augusta

Population: 1,328,361 (2010)

Size: 35,384 square miles

Nickname(s): Pine Tree State; Vacationland

Motto: Dirigo (“I lead”)

Tree: White Pine

Flower: White Pine Cone

Bird: Chickadee

Interesting Facts

  • English colonists led by George Popham established Fort St. George in Maine in 1607, the same year Jamestown, Virginia, was founded. Overwhelmed by the harsh climate and left leaderless after Popham’s death, the colonists returned to England a year later—resulting in Jamestown being regarded as the first permanent colony in North America.
  • Agamenticus was the first city to be chartered in the United States in 1641. In 1642, it was renamed Gorgeana and incorporated as the first city. When the Massachusetts Bay Colony annexed southwestern Maine in 1652, Gorgeana was reincorporated as York.
  • Due to a long stretch of drought-like conditions that began in the summer of 1947, a series of subsequent fires destroyed more than 200,000 acres in what became known as “the year Maine burned.”
  • The Ice Storm of 1998, which knocked out power to half of the state for more than two weeks in January and resulted in hundreds of millions of dollars in damages, is considered to be one of the worst natural disasters in Maine’s history.
  • Eastport is the easternmost city in the continental United States. Only slightly further east is the town of Lubec, Maine.
  • More than 100 million pounds of lobster were harvested off the coast of Maine in 2011. Now generally considered to be an expensive delicacy, lobsters were commonly fed to inmates and indentured servants, or ground up and used as fertilizer, during the colonial era.
  • Maine was a district of the state of Massachusetts until 1820.

                           "1820 Maine enters the Union-HISTORY"
As part of the Missouri Compromise between the North and the South, Maine is admitted into the Union as the 23rd state. Administered as a province of Massachusetts since 1647, the entrance of Maine as a free state was agreed to by Southern senators in exchange for the entrance of Missouri as a slave state.

In 1604, French explorer Samuel de Champlain visited the coast of Maine and claimed it as part of the French province of Acadia. However, French attempts to settle Maine were thwarted when British forces under Sir Samuel Argall destroyed a colony on Mount Desert Island in 1613. Sir Ferdinando Gorges, a leading figure in the Plymouth Company, initiated British settlement in Maine after receiving a grant and royal charter, and upon Gorges’ death in 1647 the Massachusetts Bay Colony claimed jurisdiction. Gorges’ heirs disputed this claim until 1677, when Massachusetts agreed to purchase Gorges’ original proprietary rights.

As part of Massachusetts, Maine developed early fishing, lumbering, and shipbuilding industries and in 1820 was granted statehood. In the 19th century, the promise of jobs in the timber industry lured many French Canadians to Maine from the Canadian province of Quebec, which borders the state to the west. With 90 percent of Maine still covered by forests, Maine is known as the “Pine Tree State” and is the most sparsely populated state east of the Mississippi River.

 

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